Thursday, August 27, 2020
Legends and Realities At any rate since the 1990 distribution of Senge's The Fifth Discipline, the idea of the learning association (LO) has been elevated as an approach to rebuild associations to address the difficulties of the coming century. What are realizing associations in principle and by and by? It is safe to say that they are a genuine arrangement or the most recent in a progression of change prevailing fashions? The fantasies and truths are investigated in this distribution. Taking a few to get back some composure on the Learning Organization Obviously, there isn't yet an agreement on the meaning of a learning association. Any sort of association can be a learning association organizations, instructive foundations, not-for-profits, local gatherings. A few creators concur that LOs start with the presumptions that learning is important, ceaseless, and best whenever shared and that each experience is a chance to learn. LOs have the accompanying qualities (Calvert et al. 1994; Watkins and Marsick 1993): They give consistent learning openings. They use figuring out how to arrive at their objectives. They interface singular execution with authoritative execution. They cultivate request and exchange, making it ok for individuals to share transparently and face challenges. They hold onto imaginative pressure as a wellspring of vitality and restoration. They are persistently mindful of and communicate with their condition. Senge's five controls are the keys to accomplishing this sort of association: individual dominance, mental models, shared vision, group learning, and frameworks thinking. As indicated by Senge, the fifth, frameworks thinking, is the most significant and underlies the rest. Obviously, it could be said associations don't learn, the individuals in them do, and singular learning may go on constantly. What is diverse a... ...(ERIC No. EJ 483 293) Smith, G. J., and Stodden, R. A. Rebuilding Vocational Special Needs Education through Interdisciplinary Team Effort. Journal for Vocational Special Needs Education16, no. 3 (Spring 1994): 16-23. (ERIC No. EJ 482 768) Solomon, C. M. HR Facilitates the Learning Organization Concept. Personnel Journal 73, no. 11 (November 1994): 56-66. Watkins, K. E., and Marsick, V. J. Chiseling the Learning Organization. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1993. West, P. The Learning Organization: Losing the Luggage in Transit? Journal of European Industrial Training18, no. 11 (1994): 30-38. (ERIC No. EJ 497 198) West, W. Learning Organizations: A Critical Review. In Proceedings of the Midwest Exploration to-Practice Conference,edited by L. Martin. Madison: University of Wisconsin, 1994. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED 378 359)
Posted by Kyla Beverly at 6:50 PM
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Summer is finished and the school year is going full bore. It might be enticing to put off school applications for only somewhat more, however school application season is to a great extent are a lot of things you have to do now to get ready. On the off chance that youÃ¢â¬â¢re considering applying early choice some place, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll need to begin on your applications in the near future. What's more, regardless of whether you arenÃ¢â¬â¢t, there will be fall cutoff times for grants, exceptional projects, and even summer programs for one year from now that are quickly drawing closer, and those will rapidly be trailed by standard choice application deadlines.Ã¢ In this post, we layout five key things you can begin doing now to kick off your school application season. YouÃ¢â¬â¢ve just got one took shots at this; why not excel by beginning early? Except if you are one of the fortunate few whoÃ¢â¬â¢s totally certain and content with your scores from junior year, itÃ¢â¬â¢s likely youÃ¢â¬â¢ll take the SAT or ACT at any rate once again before you apply to school. Actually, itÃ¢â¬â¢s savvy to plan a date from the get-go in the fall so that, if most noticeably awful comes to most exceedingly awful, you can even step through the examination two additional occasions before your applications go out.Ã¢ Here are the schedules for significant state administered tests that you might need to plan for the fall: What's more, in spite of the fact that your senior year Advanced Placement tests wonÃ¢â¬â¢t likely make it on your school applications, itÃ¢â¬â¢s still a smart thought to get those test dates on the schedule as quickly as time permits, as well, particularly in the event that you need a specific test area. By prevailing on AP tests, you can now and again procure propelled standing or even school credit when you register. The 2018 AP Exam Calendar is now accessible on the web. Add those dates to your own schedule now, with the goal that none get twofold reserved. Ã Ã The Common App paper prompts have been discharged and numerous supplemental article prompts have just been discharged. ThereÃ¢â¬â¢s no motivation behind why you shouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t begin to design your expositions now. You can review the Common App paper prompts online to begin. Start by perusing them and checking whether any catch your advantage right away. In the event that nothing stands out immediately, attempt to limit your decisions down to the main a few prospects. Presently is an extraordinary time to consider your late spring encounters as potential subjects for your school articles. Next, do some conceptualizing about what you may compose. This can be somewhat troublesome on the off chance that you arenÃ¢â¬â¢t feeling especially enlivened, however donÃ¢â¬â¢t stress. There are a lot of assets to help. Look at these presents on get your expressive energies pumping: Once youÃ¢â¬â¢ve concoct a couple of thoughts for what you may expound on, begin to plot your top thoughts. These can be genuinely harsh blueprints to begin with. The thought right presently is simply to make you consider the bearings you may take your article in, and afterward pick the one that impacts you the most. Evaluating your opportunity of getting into a school isn't simple in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s serious condition. Fortunately, with our best in class programming and information, we can examine your scholastic and extracurricular profile and gauge your odds. Our profile examination instrument can likewise assist you with distinguishing the improvement you have to make to enter your fantasy school. You have an immediate turn in the majority of what goes into your school application by composing your articles and accomplishing evaluations and grades. However, your own proposals are an outsiderÃ¢â¬â¢s point of view of all your difficult work, and you have practically nothing, assuming any, state over what gets written in them. To guarantee that your proposals sparkle and reflect as profoundly as conceivable on your accomplishments as an understudy and your commitments as an individual from the network, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll need to ponder who thinks of them. Presently, before the school year begins is an incredible time to consider this. The individuals who compose your proposals ought to be the individuals who have worked intimately with you previously and, ideally, have known you for an all-inclusive timeframe. They ought to be instructors or guides who regard you and remember you for all youÃ¢â¬â¢re fit for accomplishing. These could even be instructors, tutors, or chiefs with whom you worked intently over the late spring. Here are a couple of assets to help as you consider who will compose your proposal letters: ItÃ¢â¬â¢s likely that youÃ¢â¬â¢re previously aggregating heaps of desk work. There are score reports from state administered tests. There are sparkling handouts from the universities you had always wanted and grant applications gathering dust. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s difficult to monitor everything, except itÃ¢â¬â¢s to your greatest advantage to keep printed versions of everything, just on the off chance that you ever need them. On the off chance that you havenÃ¢â¬â¢t began a recording framework to monitor every one of those papers, presently is the ideal time. You can utilize a convenient record tote, shading coded hanging envelopes, or even an accordion document. Mark an organizer for every school youÃ¢â¬â¢re considering applying to, alongside an envelope for government sanctioned test data and scores, school records and transcripts, grants, and budgetary guide. In the event that you visited any schools over the late spring, make certain to incorporate a few notes about the individuals you talked with, what you did, and what you loved or didn't care for. By making the document framework before the school year gets, you make it simple to place things in the opportune spot when heaps of papers begin getting back home with brief period to manage them. YouÃ¢â¬â¢ve done it Ã¢â¬ youÃ¢â¬â¢ve arrived at senior year and before you know it, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll be graduating! This year will be not normal for some other before it. Not exclusively are you concentrating on the present time and place, however this year like never before your future is coming to fruition and turning into a reality. This is the ideal opportunity to investigate your profile as a school candidate and at the encounters you would like to pick up during your senior year. Utilize this understanding to set some solid objectives for the school year before it begins. A portion of your objectives may be totally spurred by school applications, such as expanding your SAT scores or gaining a legitimacy grant. Others may be increasingly centered around close to home accomplishments, such as being casted a ballot commander of the lacrosse crew or breezing through your last hand to hand fighting assessment. Still more objectives may be social in nature Ã¢â¬ you have senior prom and your the previous spring break with your secondary school companions to anticipate. Recording your objectives before the school year starts implies that youÃ¢â¬â¢ll have more clear vision for accomplishing them and getting straight down to business when school begins back up. The late spring before senior year is an energizing time. ThereÃ¢â¬â¢s a ton to treasure now, in these lessening a very long time as a high schooler, yet thereÃ¢â¬â¢s such a great amount to plan for and anticipate soon. When the school year begins, it may appear to blast past at lightning speed. Begin sorting out for school applications now, and ensure that you have a head start once school confirmations season is completely in progress. To get familiar with the school applications process or to get some extra understanding into your school applications, consider the advantages Ã¢â¬â¢s Applications Guidance administration. Here, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll be matched with an individual confirmations master who can give bit by bit direction through the whole application process, including how to consummate your way to deal with the individual exposition.
Posted by Kyla Beverly at 12:52 PM
Friday, August 21, 2020
How to Write Divorce PapersIf you are going through a divorce or have already done so, you will want to learn how to write divorce papers. These papers are the legal documentation that documents the divorcing couple's separation, assets, and financial terms. They are used for the court, if there is a trial and to explain the reasons for the divorce.When you get a divorce, you have many options on how to write divorce papers. In fact, most attorneys will advise you on how to prepare these papers. This can be done by using either Microsoft Word or Pomegranate Word. It depends on the type of legal document you need to produce.For example, a will is a document that outlines who gets what when, where, and when. You are looking for a way to get an attorney to sign this off. You will not be able to do this yourself, unless you know a lot about drafting legal documents. A little help from an attorney is the only way to ensure that everything is done correctly. The attorney can provide the le gal advice to get the papers prepared and legally correct.Of course, you can use professional help. The three best options for how to write divorce papers are personal lawyer services, legal assistance programs, and people who sell these services online. You can save time and money this way and be sure that your documents are legal.When you need professional help, your first step should be to ask your personal lawyer about these options. This is the easiest way to learn about how to write divorce papers. Often, they will also be able to recommend where to buy legal assistance software. This will allow you to handle the entire process online, where you are able to see the documents as they are being written.For those that want to learn more about this, but do not have a lawyer yet, the second option for learning how to write divorce papers is to find legal assistance programs. A large number of sites offer online courses that allow you to learn the basics of legal writing. These can help you get started quickly. The downside of these courses is that they do not offer real life practice. However, it can be useful in a short time frame.Those that want to learn how to write divorce papers with a program that is real time may be able to take advantage of this service as well. The disadvantage to this is that it is quite expensive. The next option is the self-help option for learning how to write divorce papers.There is another final option for learning how to write divorce papers. Online programs and courses are available that can give you the experience and information needed to develop your own individual skills. If you have friends and family that can provide you with legal counsel, this is an ideal choice. Just keep in mind that you will need to be dedicated to the project. After all, a simple click of the mouse is a long road to obtaining the experience you need.
Posted by Kyla Beverly at 10:34 AM
Friday, May 15, 2020
Exam 2: Cultural Influence One prominent theme that has been encountered throughout this course has been the idea of influence from one culture to another; a cultures influence on another can impact things such as stylistic transition, and transfer of subject matter. The combination of local traditions and newly introduced ideas will allow for new types of artwork to be produced. Artwork during the Early Medieval era, Romanesque era, and Gothic era demonstrates how local and imported ideas intermingle to produce new things. In order to fully express the idea of cultures integrating local ideas with ideas of other cultures to form new artworks, focusing specifically on architecture will allow for the theme to be fully justified. During the dynamic Early Medieval era, which dates back to 500-1000 BCE, European identity was developed and stimulated by Europeans interactions with other cultures in Eurasia and the Mediterranean. During the Early Medieval era early Christian basilicas such as Santa Sabina and San Paolo fuori le Mura (St. PaulÃ¢â¬â¢s Outside the Walls) maintained the basic structure of the Roman basilica, and incorporated local ideas, which include added Christian elements such as the transept and the ambo. The Romanesque era is the art of Europe from approximately 1000 AD to the rise of the Gothic style in the 13th century. Romanesque architecture retained many basic features of Roman architectural style, which include round-headed arches, vaults, apses, andShow MoreRelatedArt in the Middle Ages and The Renaissance and Its Effect in Society1017 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe Medieval period also referred to as the Middle Ages was the period of time between the demise of the Roman Empire and the Renaissance era; this was the period from the 5th century to the 17th century in Europe. During this time, society conformed to the feudal system which was based on the hierarchy approach which upper class had control over the lower class. Included in this clas s structure were kings, lords, neighboring kings, peasants and church leaders. In the Middle Ages, art evolvesRead MoreThe Decline Of The Middle Ages1392 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesCE. This era is known as the period of time between the fall of the Roman Empire and the Renaissance. The medieval era is split up into three sections; early Middle Ages (400-900 CE), High Middle Ages (900-1250 CE) and the late Middle Ages (1250-1500 CE). Medieval Europe was a time of key advancement in society and a period where a distinct cultural unit emerged. This was influenced by different ideas, people and events such as the contact between different groups and societies. The early Roman EmpireRead More Middle Ages Essay712 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pageshistory. Embedded in its history are the many eras of man which have constructed our modern learning, art, beliefs, and order. The middle ages, although represented as Ã¢â¬Å"darkÃ¢â¬ , backwards, and idle, were in fact a bridge linking the classical and modern world. Medieval society may not have been in a sense glorious, but the era of itself was a prime foundation of the modern worldÃ¢â¬â¢s newfound stability, a revival of the law and teachings from the classical era, a reinvestment and reform in the church, andRead MoreEssay on The Arabic Invasion1318 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesEarly history of Islam is marked by a remarkable political will to consolidate the fragmented tribes of the Arabian Peninsula. Accordingly, it emerged a unified polity and administration, first under Prophet Muhammad and then the first Caliph Abu Bakr that set the stage for the early Arab conquests. The conquests continued unabated d uring the reigns of Caliphs Omar and Othman, and then by the Umayyads and the Abbasids and other Muslim dynasties that established strong centers of power in the worldRead MoreThe Effects of the Expansion in the Post Classical Period: the Islamic Civilization1702 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagestime of change, expansion, and vast cultural diffusion. The Islamic civilization is a group that emerged from the Semitic groups of southwestern Asia, and moved to the Arabian peninsula in tribes, known as the Bedouin tribes, due to lack of water and food. The Islamic Civilization encountered the cultures of the Europeans, Asians and Africans, and connected into these civilizations because of the spread of the Muslim religion. The Bedouin Arabs intensified cultural diffusion also through trade, migrationRead More Postmodernism Essay767 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesused as a form of communication that was directed towards social, political, and cultural problems within the world. An architect Robert Stern sta tes, Ã¢â¬Å" The fundamental shift to post-modernism has to do with the reawakening of artists in every field to public responsibilities of art. Once again art is being regarded as an act of communication.Ã¢â¬ (Wilkin, Schultz, Linduff, Ã¢â¬Å"Art Past Art Present, p.579) The postmodern era emancipated its artists from old traditional barriers that bounded them. TheRead MoreThe Reign Of The Carolingian Dynasty1429 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesreign of the Carolingian dynasty occupied only a brief part of the entirety of the medieval era, the Carolingian Empire that was established during that period made both a historical and cultural impact on medieval society that would resonate for years to come. Until the empire fell in 888, the Carolingian House of the Franks initially brought stability and progress to most of Europe, as well as pioneering a cultural and intellectual renaissance that influenced the remainder of the Middle Ages. AlthoughRead MoreThe Expansion Of The Roman Empire8 66 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesand trade. In the high middle ages, Roman Catholic Christianity was the cultural foundation of European society. The church advanced educational institutions such as cathedral schools and universities. Between 1000 and 1300, western European peoples strengthened their own society. There was an establishment of regional states, an economic growth and social development, European Christianity during the Middle Ages, and medieval expansion in Europe. By the mid-tenth century, Otto of Saxony had establishedRead MoreMusic And Its Impact On Society908 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesimitating natural sounds. People suggest that the first instrument was the human voice itself, which makes a number of sounds including humming, singing, whistling, and clicking. Music has evolved into different sounds. This is mainly because this is a new era and we are more advanced in terms of technology and making more sounds. There are more categories of music now than there was in prehistoric times. Music is found in every known culture, past and present. People suggest that music was formed in AfricaRead MoreThe Evolution Of Ancient Wargames1481 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageswill include an explanation regarding the path of how wargames turned into the modern sport of Fencing throughout the period of recorded history, the cultural influences that impacted changes along the way, and the similarities that still remain. ROOT ORIGINS The origin of Fencing can be traced in some manner, all the way back to the prehistoric era. By Fencing, weÃ¢â¬â¢re of course talking about the sport of swordplay and organized (and weaponized) competition one one one. We are of course not talking
Posted by Kyla Beverly at 9:09 AM
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Most Americans have at least some vague image of the Trail of Tears, but not very many know of the events that led to that tragic removal of several thousand Indians from their homeland. Indian lands were held hostage by the states and the federal government, and Indians had to agree to removal to preserve their identity as tribes. Trail of Tears is an excellent snapshot of a particular situation and will be eye opening to those who are not familiar with the story of the southern tribes and their interactions with the burgeoning American population. The Trail of Tears has become the symbol in American history that signifies the callousness of American policy makers toward American Indians in 1839 and 1839. The book The Trail of Tears: The Rise and fall of the Cherokee Nation, by John Ehle presents the full history of a Native American democratic state, the Cherokee Nation. Like the United States, it was born in bloodshed, but instead of enduring, it grew for only a few years and then was destroyed by President Andrew Jackson and the government of the state of Georgia. Ehle includes a great deal of primary sources, such as letters, journal excerpts, military orders, and the like, that serve to enrich the story. In Trail of Tears, John Ehle sketches the people and events that led to the infamous Trail of Tears, the removal of the Cherokee Nation to Ã¢â¬Å"Indian TerritoryÃ¢â¬ where they would Ã¢â¬Å"neverÃ¢â¬ be bothered by whites again. EhleÃ¢â¬â¢s bias is evident in the title; the Ã¢â¬Å"riseÃ¢â¬ ofShow MoreRelatedThe Trail Of Tears : The Rise And Fall Of The Cherokee Nation1315 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Most Americans have at least some vague understanding of the Trail of Tears, but not many know about the events that led to that tragic removal of thousands of Indians from their homeland. Indian lands were held hostage by the states and the federal government. The Indians had to agree to removal to maintain their tribe identities. Trail of Tears is an excellent example of a particular situation and will be eye opening to those who are not familiar with the story of the southern tribes and theirRead MoreTrail of Tears: Rise and Fall of the Cherokee Nation by John Ehle1049 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesUS History to 1877 Trail of Tears: Rise and Fall of the Cherokee Nation by John Ehle Having little knowledge of the Cherokee removal and the history that took place in this moment in AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s past, the book Trail of Tears: Rise and Fall of the Cherokee Nation by John Ehle, offers an insight to the politics, social dynamics and class struggles the Cherokee Nation faced in the late 1830s. The book was very comprehensive and the scope of the book covers nearly 100 years of Native American HistoryRead MoreBook Review for Trail of Tears: the Rise and Fall of the Cherokee Nation by John Ehle822 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesINED 411 Book Review Trail of Tears The authorsÃ¢â¬â¢ name of the book called Trail of Tears: The Rise and Fall of the Cherokee Nation is John Ehle. Trail of Tears was published in the United States by Anchor Books, a division of random house, New York and in Canada. This book was published in September 22, 1989. This book has 424 pages. John Ehle is more than qualified to write on this subject. He has wrote over seventeen books, his first book was published in 1957 so he has over 30 yearsRead MoreThe Trail Of Tears By James Collins1452 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesDonald West History 201 December 1, 2015 TRAIL OF TEARS The trail of tears is also referred to as the period of Indian s removal. It was a period where Native Americans in the U.S were forcefully relocated following the removal of Indian Removal Act of 1830. Those who were forcibly moved were from Cherokee, Muscogee, Seminole, and Chickasaw and Choctaw nations in the southern U.S, an area initially referred to as the Indian Territory. Migration from Cherokee nation had begun in the early 1800Ã¢â¬â¢s whereRead MoreIndian Betrayal Essay example1211 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesconcerning the American Indian that are filled with betrayal, but there is probably none more cruel and shameful as the removal of the Cherokee Indians in 1838. Blood thirsty for money and property, the white settlers would soon use dirty methods to drive the Cherokee out of their home- lands. The United States government played a critical role in the removal of the Cherokee. Ã¢â¬Å"Soon the state governments insisted on the removal of the native peoples, who were alrea dy out numbered by the white settlersRead MoreThe Way the Cherokee Have Lived Through Good and Bad Times Essay3030 Words Ã |Ã 13 Pages Way The Cherokee have live through good time and some bad time The American Indian History of the United States is always associated with the Cherokee Indian nation. The Cherokees were by far the largest and most advanced of the tribes. This man was Hernando de Soto was the first European explorer to come into contact with the Cherokees, when he arrived in their territory in 1540. Then he went and came in contact with Native Americans Cherokees since many of their ways and customsRead MoreIndian Removal Research Paper : Eric Powell1899 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesof Indian culture with diminutive weal. The Nation known today as the United States of America has a foundational structure built on beliefs and forms of government that derived from Native American culture; so extinguishing Indians from existence is nonsensical. Although it did not happen overnight the removal of the American Indians from the eastern tribes was forced upon them because of greed, and caused extreme suffering for the Indians. The Cherokee had developed an economic system long beforeRead MoreEssay on Southeastern Native American Literature1215 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesStates is deeply rooted in the oral traditions of the various tribes that have historically called that region home. While the tribes most integrally associated with the Southeastern U.S. in the American popular mind--the FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES (Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, and Seminole)--were forcibly relocated to Indian Territory (present-day Oklahoma) from their ancestral territories in the American South, descendents of those tribes have created compelling literary works that have keptRead MoreThe Impact of the Indian Removal Act on Eastern Native American Tribes2203 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesPresident Jackson abused the rights provided to Native Americans under the act, which meant they were not given legal protection when they were being oppressed by white settlers or the government. The passage of the Indian Removal Act also led to t he Trail of Tears, which led to the decimation of several eastern Native American tribes. President Jackson took action which extended beyond the power given to him by the Indian Removal Act and infringed upon the rights given to Native Americans under the legislationRead MoreThe Exploitation Of Black Labor Essay1514 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesgives a title which the Courts of the conqueror cannot deny . . .Ã¢â¬ Id. In Johnson and similar cases, courts established whiteness as a prerequisite to the exercise of enforceable property rights. Id. at 1724. Not all first possession or labor gave rise to property rights; rather, the rules of first possession and labor as a basis for property rights were qualified by race. Id. This fact infused whiteness with significance and value because it was solely through being white that property could be
Posted by Kyla Beverly at 4:24 PM
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
We do need a world environmental organization, and there are lots of reasons that prove this to be the right choice. | Albert Asllani International Relations, sect. # 10 Prof. Bill Wechsler Essay Assignment October 28, 2010 Do We Need a World Environmental Organization? The environmental issues and especially the global environmental problems, in the last years are being aroused at an increasing rate. Considering the facts that the earthÃ¢â¬â¢s environment is heavily interdependent, no matter where the problems may emerge sooner or later these problems will become global problems. The earthÃ¢â¬â¢s atmosphere, hydrosphere and in general the biosphere itself are related with one another; so the balance of the environment will be broken if the standards are not kept, globally speaking. Natural resources from the land, ocean and air are continuously regionally and/or globally shared. Hence, if there would be negative effects they would be shared regionally and/or globally. Our planet has a balance of life and a balance of how things go on, but with the development of humans this balance is being lost, at least until nowadays. Furthermore, we the humans are the primary destroyers of the earthÃ¢â¬â¢s environment. We do need to use the natural resource on our planet, because of our needs. But, nevertheless this does not justify the damage we are causing to our own home the planet earth. Our potential of doing huge things has proved to be mean and evil as well. Millions of square meters of forests are destroyed, burned, massive CO2 amounts and of other harmful gasses are released every day from our equipments and facilities. All these are globally affecting the environment we are living in. As for worse, the development of the technology is not being used just for progressive and right causes; it is being used as well as for the creation of massive destruction weapon systems. Well, these are among the causes that damage the environment at a lower rate, but compared to nuclear weapon systems these are really not that bad. Even though, the negative effects that the emission of gases and of other factors are not to be not- taken into consideration, the negative effects of a nuclear weapon launch in the earthÃ¢â¬â¢s environment, are million times more negative and harmful for the earthÃ¢â¬â¢s environment. As an example, there were no cars and CO2 gas emissions years and years ago, but with the human population increasing and the need for transportation means the possibility of gas emission has been increased as well. So, some hundred years ago, the earth did not have all these equipments and vehicles that use as fuel liquid materials such as fossil oils are. Meantime, it did not have all this harmful gasses quantities released every day. Other examples are the cases of Hiroshima and Chernobyl, where nuclear materials have been exposed. The people of these places and the whole world are witnesses of the damages caused by the nuclear blasts; people still witness the nightmare in the environment. Besides the short- run damages they cause, there are long- term damages to and these are the worst. Besides the facts mentioned above, there are others that do affect the environment in one or another way. Hence, all these factors are continuously compounding their damage and affecting the global environment. The overall emission of CO2 in the world step by step is affecting the ozone layer to be reduced, and the creating of holes in this layer. All these causes are being associated with one another affecting the overall state of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s environment. Ã¢â¬Å"With climate change manifesting itself in the melting of Arctic glaciers and the drowning of small Pacific islands, in widespread species extinction, forest loss, desertification, and impending water shortages, the scope of environmental problems has changed. Ã¢â¬ (Goffman, par. 1) Therefore, because this scope has changed us humans as leaders of this planet have to change to, our view towards resolving these problems must be changed. The worst scenario which unfortunately is very much possible may be that the changes on the earth are heading us towards a state of impossible or difficult regress. The human activity, its impact on the change of the earthÃ¢â¬â¢s environment is also being an influence in other natural processes. Furthermore, Ã¢â¬Å"[r] recently, Hurricane Katrina provided a dreadful example of how human alterations multiply natural impacts. Ã¢â¬ (Goffman, par 1) Ã¢â¬Ë[T]he only question is whether the worlds environmental problems will become resolved in pleasant ways of our own choice, or in unpleasant ways uch as warfare, genocide, starvation, disease epidemics, and collapses of societies. Ã¢â¬â¢(qtd. in Goffman, par. 2) Well considering the ongoing events on the global perspective the worst option is the most possible to happen. On the other hand, for these environmental problems to be solved, states must have good international relationships. It is the international system that must take decisions on where to act or not, towards changing the future of the global environment towards a better one. Because the environment itself is globalized throughout the world, the damage caused in the environment is spread out. Hence, the environmental problems must be globalized in terms of facing, thinking, and contributing in solving the problems; they must be understood and seen by everyone. Ã¢â¬Å"International environmental responsibilities and activities are spread across multiple organizations, including the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), numerous other UN agencies, the international financing institutions, and the World Trade Organization. (Ivanova and Roy, p. 1) Whereas, we do agree on having local organizations, but as well having global organizations that will do their best in finding a global common best solution for the global environmental problems. According to Esty and Ivanova, until now we have dealt with poor performance when taking action towards responding to global environmental problems, such as the case of global scale pollution and natural resource management challenge. (p. ) Hence, this has given incentive for re- considering the global instruments for controlling global environmental issues. Ã¢â¬Å"Both former Soviet Union President Mikhail Gorbachev and French President Jacques Chirac have urged the establishment of a Global Environmental Organization. Ã¢â¬ (Esty and Ivanova, p. 1) This approval between President Chirac and Gorbachev is a proof of the fact that the international system is facing new changes, such as this urge of creating new institutions in the international system that would control the global environmental issues. Even though, world has had numerous organizations, treaties, conventions and other instruments the nowadays environmental management system has failed in addressing and solving the problems e. g. transboundary pollution overflows and shared resources. (Esty and Ivanova, 4) As an example of such organizations is the UNEP (United Nations Environmental Program). Ã¢â¬Å"The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), whose mandate is to coordinate the United Nations (UN) environmental activities, is closest to being the leading global environmental authority. Furthermore, Ã¢â¬Å"[w]ithin this complex international system for environmental governance there is no single organization that possesses the authority or political strength to effectively coordinate all international environmental efforts (Inomata, 2008). Ã¢â¬ According to Vijge the top reasons why many believe that UNEP lacks the potentials to fulfill the role as being the supreme authority in global environmental issues are the insufficient budget, and weak legal status. (p. 1) Therefore, in my opinion, I strongly agree that we do need a world environmental organization for several reasons. Firstly, the importance of the existence of this organization is very high because of the growing mutuality between states, flows of coercive actions at a global scale, coordination and rules applied to all states. The international system is built upon interdependence, so the organization of environmental issues would positively increase the interdependence between states in the system. Furthermore, because these environmental problems we are having are also so- called global problems, there should be a global organization that would take the lead on behalf of all the states. Based on the fact that the problems are being created by us the Ã¢â¬â states, the people, the participants in the international system, the states must be the ones who give solutions to these problems. When comparing the nowadays system of international politics and mutuality of states with the earlier ones, we do notice that the world day after day is becoming more and more globalized. The technology, economy, education, security and other fields are the main linking chains of this growing interdependence. States are becoming strongly related with one another, and thus the need of having international structures of politics and strategies is becoming inevitable. Also, the environmental problems we are facing and probably we will face in the future, are caused as a result of all states contributing on their creation e. g. the CO2 emission, deforestation, the greenhouse effect, and the worse the nuclear blasts. Thus, it is a mutual interest for all the states to have a global mean of controlling the causes of such environmental problems. On the other hand, we need a global environmental organization because of its ability to direct the flow of action to make changes. Until now there have been measures taken to reduce the harmful effects done in the environment, but all of these have ended being partly successful or unsuccessful at all. Thereof, we need a structure that will make decisions at a global scale. Ã¢â¬Å"For the past several centuries, humanity has been increasingly polluting air and water, altering EarthÃ¢â¬â¢s climate, eroding the soil, fragmenting and eliminating the habitat of plants and animals, and depleting the natural bank account of non-renewable resources. (Harte p. 1) And all these have lead to the fast destruction of the balance of life on planet earth, this way destroying the environment globally. And for the measures to have a positive impact, we need to have this global environmental organization. Without the mechanism that has its leaks on the international system, thus making changes on its policies and regulations, states will not actively act at the same time in the improve of the current state of the global environment. We are in need of a mechanism that acts coercively at a global scale. E. g. the fact the world every day is causing the ozone layer to be destroyed because harmful gasses emission; lets to understand that if a policy of universal ban on basis how much a country can emit these types of gasses would exist, and if there would be measures on keeping that balance we would not face this problem at this particular rate right now. The world needs firm actions to be taken to help prevent further destruction of the environment, and these actions must involve the whole world. Thus, stronger national, state/regional and local environmental performance is necessary, but cannot substitute for appropriate action at the global scale. Ã¢â¬ (Esty and Ivanova, p. 5) Whereas, the coordination and regulations applied to all, are further reasons why we need to have a global environmental organization. The world has limited resources that are to be shared with unlimited wants. With resources meaning in terms of all the resources the world has. And these resources must be efficiently allocated and guarded not to be destroyed. If there are not any policies or measures in guarding these resources, they will be unequally treated and sooner or later there will be unbalance. As an example, the fundamental resources such as air, land, forests are increasingly being impacted by the human population on earth the pollution of air is increasing, and as well the deforestation process. Forests and in general the flora, are a mean of regenerating the oxygen we breathe; but, by polluting the air and deforestation we are disabling this process of regeneration. And, this has a global impact, because ruins the balance of oxygen. Therefore, the international society must be aware of the importance if we would act globally in keeping these balances. The coordination is a key factor, and it is available only if we act globally. As such, we need a world environmental organization to provide coordination in policy making and action taking globally. Ã¢â¬Å"Global problems require international strategies and coordination, particularly for such goals as maintaining biodiversity, keeping the oceans clean, and lowering carbon emissions. Ã¢â¬ (Goffman, par. ) States must be connected at an international level so the problems can be evaluated from all the state members, and then rules and regulations will be applied by finding a common ground that is satisfactory for the whole international society. Ã¢â¬Å"Apart from regime-building and norm-setting, a WEO could also improve the overall implementation of international environmental policy, for example by a common comprehensive reporting system on the state of the environment and on the state of implementation in different countries, as well as by stronger efforts in raising public awareness. (Biermann p. 7) A difference will be made only if we reach the state of having the attention of all stakeholders in the international society, because as long as we try to make changes locally we will not achieve to protect the environment completely. Almost every society on earth has negatively contributed in the harm of the environment, and as such we all should participate in higher international structures that will take care of these problems. In addition, by creating world environmental organization we ease the chances of having a positive impact on saving the environment. Furthermore, all decisions and policies would be applied at the same time and to all states. Ã¢â¬Å"Global problems require international strategies and coordination, particularly for such goals as maintaining biodiversity, keeping the oceans clean, and lowering carbon emissions. Ã¢â¬ (Goffman, par. 3) Thus, this creates coordination between states and probably it is easier to stop the destruction of the environment. Also, a key to success is when developing policies and strategies, states/nations to be decisive and determined to apply the rules on all states. With a global environmental organization it is easier to control those who do not obey the rules. Ã¢â¬Å"Strengthening and/or reforming International Environmental Governance requires strong political will from nation-states, which ultimately decide about the future of the IEG system? Ã¢â¬ (Vijge p. 13) Secondly, a newly powered and authoritative policy making organization should be created to handle the variety of complex issues raised, and provide assistance in upgrading environmental capacities in non- developed states. Despite the current existing organizations, whether local or global the environment is not being spared of the damages and harms that are impacting it every day. The earlier legislative organizations that have dealt with global environmental issues have done a decent job, but still not enough compared to the job that must be done. The heaviness of problems has grown, along with the development of technology and science. Earlier, we had to take care of relatively small problems regarding the harm in the environment. But nowadays the science and technology have changed the way we live, and in the meantime the gravity of problems has grown up. Scientists have discovered new means of easing our lives, but also what is the most useful and the most dangerous new massive destruction weapon systems. And all of these have a huge impact on how things go-on on our environment, so for all of these issues to be managed there is need for some higher instance on the level of International Society to have a cohesive control upon all states. A newly powered global environmental organization that has all the privileges, legal power, financial support and a qualified crew is the most needed to help on managing global issues on environment. Ã¢â¬Å"In addition, a WEO could host the Clean Development Mechanism and the clearinghouse for the future emissions trading scheme under the Kyoto Protocol to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, which would reduce bureaucratic overlap, increase efficiency, and assist in preventing conflicts with other, non-climate related environmental problems. Ã¢â¬ (Biermann p. ) A strong justification for the need of the GEO/WEO (global/world environmental organization) is that the power of control will be handed to a single organization that would ease the means of communicating and coherent developing. On the other hand, the authoritative position of this organization among other structures in the international systems is another advantage on creating this GEO/WEO. Ã¢â¬Å"The world community would benefit from the presence of an authoritative environmental voice in the international arena and a recognized forum for national officials and other stakeholders to work cooperatively to address global issuesÃ¢â¬ . Esty and Ivanova, p. 4) Because of the gravity of the issues, the international society needs to have a global voice appealing for a common cause, the cause of protecting the environment. Meantime, in this way the authority has an easier job on creating policies and addressing them to higher instances on the hierarchical system of the international society. With the policies developed and approved by higher international authorities on the environmental issues, the process of controlling the states what they can do and what they canÃ¢â¬â¢t is a lot easier. Rules and Laws would be the same for all the nations/ states and they would have standards e. g. how much gas can be emitted, if they can test nuclear weapons, policies on saving the oceans and fresh water etc. It is totally different if a particular policy e. g. on CO2 emitting would apply only on some states, and on all states. There is no huge positive impact on guarding the environment unless acting strongly and on the same level from all. It is not a success if we reach on minimizing the problems only in some areas, while doubling them on others; success is when we all are aware and understand the lessons. The world needs changes done globally and the environmental issue must be seen as important from all. Ã¢â¬Å"A GEO would be able to provide the framework for addressing collective action problems by (1) creating a policy space for continuous interaction among actors, (2) ensuring that multi-dimensional issues are addressed directly and with full participation, and (3) revealing the common interests of the parties through a continuous flow of information. Ã¢â¬ (Esty and Ivanova, p. 16) A GEO/WEO would have the ability of making decision based upon the events and the problems on the global environment. Thus, it is true that we do need this GEO/WEO instead of having states/nations making decisions locally with a global impact, it is better to make decisions globally with a global impact. This way we have a directed flow of actions. Moreover, the implementation and monitoring of these policies would be more efficient in the case of a GEO, because all the reports go to one place, they have the same address and as such the response would be the best for all, not the best for some. On the other hand, the structure of a GEO/WEO promises compactness and more ability in controlling the variety of complex issues that may rise in time. This compactness and ability is provided by the heads of the GEO who are members of these nations. Thus it is easier to control the actions of a state when it has agreed to be part of the international society rather than when it acts alone. As an example, there are states that contribute more than others in polluting the environment. But, with a GEO depicting international standards and limits, states have to agree and follow the rules. In addition, the capacities of a GEO are higher than of a stateÃ¢â¬â¢s alone. Because of the continuous and sudden changes in the international society, world needs, a coherent decision making mechanism when dealing with complex issues such as nuclear weapons, CO2 emission, oceans pollution, fresh water depleting etc. These issues all have global impact and considering that they have to be solved and tracked at a global scale. According to Esty and Ivanova, thanks to the possibility of equally sharing common but differentiated responsibilities to the center of a GEO, leads to an improved fairness in balancing rights and responsibilities regarding transboundary environmental issues. p. 17) GEO tends to be inclusive in terms of dealing with environmental problems of the global society. This proves that a GEO is needed because it will help in developing the left- behind countries on their environmental programs. Strengthening the potentials on dealing with local and global environmental problems in developing countries is a core function of a GEO. Ã¢â¬Å"[H]umanity is degrading environmental goods and services such as clean water, air, soil, and biodiversity, and simultaneously reducing the capacity of natural processes to replenish these contributors to the quality of life. Ã¢â¬ (Harte p. 3) Thus a GEO will assist in improving the overall state of the global environment, but as well assists the developing countries to catch the pace of the developed countries. In conclusion, world is in desperate need of a Global Environmental Organization. Besides the fact that there are current international organizations that are similar to the idea of a GEO, there are no proper organizations that would have the ability and power to deal with global environmental problems. As an example, the UNEP (The United Nations Environmental Programme) lacks the financial stability and the legislative power. Thus, we need a GEO. The main facts why I agree in having a GEO are, because of the gravity of the issues it is a mutual interest of all states to have a GEO, it enables a flow of coercive actions taken at a global scale, it easies the coordination between states/ nations, and the rules and regulations are applied to all nations. Furthermore, it would be a new and powered organization accepted by all, because its span is global, it easies the process of managing complex issues, and is a tool of helping development in developing countries. Hence, to save the environment from further destruction world needs a structure that will include all nations and apply for all nations. Finally, I agree in having a GEO because I think it is the easiest way to get a global awareness on environmental issues. Then, I believe that states must be controlled by a higher instance so they cannot do what they want, because in this way they are harming the environment and being irresponsible. And the last, having a centralized power and a structure that develops and implements policies on a global scale, I believe is with a huge impact and can really change how things are developing.
Posted by Kyla Beverly at 7:14 PM